Rosacea is a chronic condition characterized by redness of the central face. Initially, rosacea often presents as flushing of the face. Over time, more persistent redness of the face, broken blood vessels, and pimples on the face may occur. It is sometimes mistaken for acne. In more advanced cases, a lumpy nose (rhinophyma) may occur. It primarily affects caucasians of northern European ancestry. Rosacea has many triggers including:
- Excessive sun exposure
- Hot or spicy foods
- Strenuous exercise
- Alcohol (especially red wine) or caffeine
The symptoms of rosacea tend to come and go and lifelong rosacea treatment is often necessary. Luckily, rosacea can usually be controlled with prescribed topical medications and/or oral antibiotics and avoidance of any triggers. For persistent redness or broken blood vessels on the face, pulsed dye laser treatment by a dermatologist is very effective.